Vertebral Anatomy

This human anatomy diagram with labels depicts and explains the details and or parts of the Vertebral Anatomy. Human anatomy diagrams and charts show internal organs, body systems, cells, conditions, sickness and symptoms information and/or tips to ensure one lives in good health.

The vertebral arch is posterior, meaning it faces the back of a person. Together, these enclose the vertebral foramen, which contains the spinal cord. Because the spinal cord ends in the lumbar spine, and the sacrum and coccyx are fused, they do not contain a central foramen.

From top to bottom, the vertebrae are: Cervical spine: 7 vertebrae (C1–C7) Thoracic spine: 12 vertebrae (T1–T12) Lumbar spine: 5 vertebrae (L1–L5) Sacrum: 5 (fused) vertebrae (S1–S5) Coccyx: 4 (3–5) (fused) vertebrae (Tailbone)

Each vertebral segment is made up of two bony vertebrae with a spinal disc in between. The spinal disc is also susceptible to a number of problems and may often be a source of pain, as discussed on the next page.

Vertebral Anatomy