What is transsphenoidal surgery? Transsphenoidal surgery is the most common procedure for removing a tumor of the pituitary gland. Rather than opening up the skull in a traditional craniotomy, the neurosurgeon reaches the tumor through the nasal passages and the sphenoid sinus.
The transsphenoidal procedure is usually well tolerated by the elderly and by those with medical conditions such as cardiac or pulmonary disease or diabetes, as long as their functional and endocrine status has been evaluated by appropriate preoperative studies (53).
The learning curve seems to be relatively shallow, because a statistically significantly decreased incidence of morbidity and death could be documented after 200 and even 500 transsphenoidal operations.
Ce Transphenodial Surgery Image Diagram - Chart - diagrams and charts with labels. This diagram depicts Ce Transphenodial Surgery Image
In a healthy joint, the round head (ball) of the upper arm bone fits into a shallow socket in the shoulder. Shoulder replacement removes damaged areas of bone and replaces them with parts made of metal and plastic (implants). This surgery is called shoulder arthroplasty (ARTH-row-plas-tee).
One of the most common surgical procedures for the shoulder is a rotator cuff repair. There are many ways to do this, and most surgeons have their preferred techniques.
In a typical shoulder replacement, a plastic lining is attached to the socket to allow smooth movement. The surgeon removes the top of the arm bone and inserts a metal stem with a ball on the end. However, if the rotator cuff is severely damaged, the joint may not be stable or work properly.
Shoulder Surgery Treatment Image Diagram - Chart - diagrams and charts with labels. This diagram depicts Shoulder Surgery Treatment Image