The shoulder girdle muscles make the scapula (shoulder blade) move. Muscles of the shoulder joint include the subscapularis, latissimus dorsi, infraspinatus, teres minor, teres major, supraspinatus, deltoid, and pectoralis major (pec muscles). On this page:
For that reason, and because of the dexterity of the shoulder joint itself, the musculature of the shoulder is complex, ranging from massive prime mover muscles to finer stabilizer and fixator muscles. The shoulder (or humeroscapular) joint is formed by the articulation of the head of the humerus with the scapula.
Toggle Anatomy System. On the anterior side of the shoulder, the coracobrachialis, serratus anterior, pectoralis major, and pectoralis minor muscles work as a group to flex and adduct the scapula and humerus anteriorly toward the sternum. The latissimus dorsi and teres major on the posterior side extend and adduct the arm towards the vertebrae…This diagram with labels depicts and explains the details of Shoulder Muscle Names.