Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that causes symptoms like shortness of breath, chest tightness, coughing and wheezing. Asthma causes inflammation and narrowing of the bronchial tubes, which leads to limited airflow and difficulty breathing.
Asthma, the most common chronic disease of childhood, can begin at any age. The underlying pathophysiology in asthma is reversible and diffuse airway inflammation that leads to airway narrowing. Activation. When the mast cells are activated, it releases several chemicals called mediators. Perpetuation.
Assessment of a patient with asthma includes the following: 1 Assess the patient’s respiratory status by monitoring the severity of the symptoms. 2 Assess for breath sounds. 3 Assess the patient’s peak flow. 4 Assess the level of oxygen saturation through the pulse oximeter. 5 Monitor the patient’s vital signs.