Insulin is given either with multiple daily injections using insulin pens or syringes, or by using an insulin pump. For type 2 diabetes, the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or the body is not able to use its own insulin effectively.
For type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin. As a result, people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes will need to start on insulin immediately and take it for life. Insulin is given either with multiple daily injections using insulin pens or syringes, or by using an insulin pump.
Insulin is produced by cells in the pancreas, called the islets of Langerhans. These cells continuously release a small amount of insulin into the body, but they release surges of the hormone in response to a rise in the blood glucose level. Certain cells in the body change the food ingested into energy, or blood glucose, that cells can use.
Insulin Production And Diabetes Image Diagram - Chart - diagrams and charts with labels. This diagram depicts Insulin Production And Diabetes Image
InsulinInsulin Replacement Therapy Many people with diabetes require drugs to lower blood glucose levels, relieve symptoms, and prevent complications of diabetes. There are two types of diabetes mellitus Type 1, in which the… read more is the most commonly used injectable antihyperglycemic drug.
Similar to nutritional insulin. Most patients with type 1 diabetes are treated with “intensive” or “basal-bolus” insulin therapy, which requires four injections a day. This method allows a great deal of flexibility with regards to the types of food patients eat, when they eat it, and how much they eat.
The general types of insulin therapy include: Long-, ultralong- or intermediate-acting insulin. When you’re not eating, your liver releases glucose so the body continually has energy. Long, ultra-long or intermediate-acting insulin helps the body use this glucose and keeps glucose levels from rising too high.
Diabetes Mellitus Insulin Treatment Image Diagram - Chart - diagrams and charts with labels. This diagram depicts Diabetes Mellitus Insulin Treatment Image