Levator scapulae is a posterior Axio-appenducular muscle that connects the upper limb to the vertebral column and lies in the posterior triangle of the neck. The superior aspect of the levator scapulae is covered by sternocleidomastoid, and its inferior part by trapezius. Image: Levator scapulae muscle (highlighted in green) – lateral view
In addition, the muscle also moves the inferior angle away from the back causing a small upward tilt of the scapula. If the scapula is fixed, a contraction of the levator scapulae leads to the bending of the cervical vertebral column to the side (lateral flexion) and stabilizes the vertebral column during rotation.
You’ll find tables clearly showing you the attachments, innervations and functions of every muscle in this region. The levator scapulae is supplied by the dorsal scapular nerve (C4-C5), a branch of the brachial plexus.